Bringing home a kitten in the street is certainly an exciting event for both children and adults.
It is an act of generosity that however involves a constant commitment to this new living being that will become an integral part of the family.
First of all, it will be useful to observe carefully the whole body of the puppy to see if there are anomalies like hairless patches, secretions from the eyes, nose or ears and other signs: in this case (but it is advisable to do it anyway) it would be useful to contact the veterinarian.
Often, in fact, abandoned cats are emaciated and, therefore, more subject than others to certain diseases such as mycosis and parasitosis.
REMEMBER THAT IN THE ABSENCE OF THEIR MOTHER YOU WILL HAVE TO MAKE UP FOR SOME NEEDS.
The young, for example, need to be gently massaged on the belly to stimulate defecation and urine emission.
It will also be useful to clean the area under the tail often with a cotton swab moistened with warm water or baby oil.
Since kittens up to 4 weeks of age are not able to regulate their body temperature, it will be necessary to keep them in a comfortable and warm place (for example, with a hot water bottle covered with a rag of wool), to maintain a ambient temperature at 30-32 ° C in the first week, which will gradually decrease to 24 ° C after the third week.
Furthermore, any abrupt change in environmental conditions must be avoided.
If the cat found is a few days old, it would be better to entrust it to the care of a nurse (a cat in the process of nursing her litter) but often she is forced to breastfeed him artificially.
A healthy kitten should only eat and sleep during the first 2-3 weeks of life.
If he cries continuously and becomes gradually more and more apathetic or restless, it means that he is not getting enough milk or is cold.
After the meal, the abdomen must be swollen but not overdose; if the kitten receives excess milk, it may present diarrhea.
The best milk is the powdered one specific for kittens, easily available in pharmacies or in specialized shops.
In the absence of this, condensed milk or powdered baby can be used for short periods, diluted in water, or a mixture consisting of 1/2 cup of whole milk with 1 egg yolk and a drop of polyvitaminic solution for children.
For the administration of the milk to be heated to a temperature of about 38 ° C – use a dropper or a small syringe or, better still, a special curved baby bottle.
You will gently take the kitten’s neck by moving it close to the teat with a slow-motion and without frightening it, after which a light pressure will be exerted on the bottle in order to make the milk come out slowly.
The daily dose to be administered is 13 ml in the first week every 100 g of the kitten’s weight, which then becomes 17 ml in the second week, 20 ml in the third and 22 ml in the fourth.
These quantities should be divided into four or five meals a day.
Recall that a healthy kitten increases, in this period, from 50 to 100 g per week.